Tip 1: How to build Linux

When using Linux to perform administrative tasks necessary to always keep the entire system up-to-date, since this is a very important safety issue.New version of the kernel is always correct many problems that could arise during the operation of the system, fix some of the gaps in security.Any system administrator should know how to rebuild the kernel in case of emergency.
you need
  • - kernel Linux
Guide
1
Linux kernel recompile only useful in some cases.For example, to use new features that are not available in the previous version of the kernel.Or to create a specific system for LifeCD, when using non-modular assembly.
2
assembly process has long been simplified and automated.Before assembly, be sure to need to know the version of the current kernel.Open the "Terminal" ("Menu" - "Applications" - "Accessories" - "Terminal") and enter the command:
uname -a
In return you will get a line that says the current version of Linux.After that, go to the site kernel.org, and choose the m
ost fresh and appropriate for your kernel.
3
Are Stable version, and Development.Always take the most recent file, because it contains all of the previous fix problems and glitches.The Development eliminated minor problems and Stable - a large-scale release.
4
First we need to make a kernel configuration.To do this, go to the console as root and type the command:
sudo make defaultconfig
5
Next, select the appropriate settings for you.If any point is not clear, then you can always use the HELP button in the lower right corner of the screen.Never start the kernel functions that have the flag Experimental or Deprecated.This can bring the system from a steady state.Include these options only if you know what you're doing.
6
After graduating from a simple user settings in the Terminal, type:
make bzImage

make modules
«Make bzImage» allows you to compile the kernel, and «make modules» - assembled modules.Then write as root:
make modules_install

make install
7
begin installing the kernel.After graduation, you can reboot and use the new version of your system.

Tip 2: How to build a distribution Linux

Every day you can see the emergence of many new distributions of Linux.This product is absolutely free and can be assembled by any user at its discretion.You can easily create your distro Linux, adding or deleting some applications from the template system.
How to build a Linux distribution
you need
  • System tools Novo Builder.
Guide
1
So to work with a computer, you can use the already known and trusted by thousands of users assemblies, but if you want to create something of their own, do not deny yourself.Many assembly incorporates contain programs that use only part of the user.You can assemble your system based on existing, having isolated all unnecessary items in your opinion.
2
used to build the distribution system tool Novo Builder.Install this program to disk, then run by clicking its icon in the System section of the programs.In the new window, go to the Preset block and select the appropriate option.To compile its distribution from the very beginning it is recommended you select "Basic distribution."
3
To enable the receipt of all the programs with the help of the same tool, you need to fill in the file sources.list, which contains a list of repository (the analogue of file storage or torrent trackers).
4
Also in this program, you can automatically set the theme and other minor settings that are valid subsequently change after installation you are creating distribution.
5
To complete the image of your operating system, go to the block, and then click Build Build Base.It should be noted that this process can take considerable time, so please be patient.
6
After creating the base system image, scroll to Post Build.Here you can using the Synaptic manager to perform the installation or removal of software.You configure a list of applications that can only press the button Chroot GUI and Build ISO.After you create a disk image distribution moves to the root directory / home.
Helpful Hint
Before making any action previously not forget to go to the directory where your unpacked kernel.To do this, type in "Terminal" the following command:

cd put_do_direktorii

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