Computer networks are created for communication and collaboration, and security of the operating system is designed to protect against unauthorized access to subordinate her computer resources.How to give an indication of the security system to allow access to a specific folder externally described in this article.
Windows Security organized at the level of individual files and is based on the file system NTFS (New Technology File System - «New Technology File System").In all the folders of each drive have special access control lists - ACL (Access Control List).They contain a list of specific users and user groups that are allowed access to a particular file or entire folder in general.There are the actions that these users (or groups) can make folders and files.The operating system is possible, and detailed and simplified control lists ACL.Therefore, how to enable shared access to a directory depends on whether included in the settings of your operating system, the option "U
se simple file sharing."Check it possible, in the dialogue, "Folder Options" Control Panel.To open it is necessary on the button "Start" in the "Settings" click "Control Panel", and then select "Folder Options."In the window that we are interested in is an option on the tab "View".
To open (or vice versa - to close) network access to any folder your computer schёlknem it, right-click and pop-up menu, select "Sharing and Security".If the option is "simple sharing" enabled (we figured out that in the previous step), then the properties window that opens the folder tab "Access" will look like this:
To allow the network access,should tick "Share this folder ».You can also specify the name under which the folder will see its other users, as well as to put a label allows network users to edit files in the folder .Click «OK», the change to take effect.
If the option is "simple sharing" in the settings folder has been disabled, the tab "Access" in the properties of the folder will look like this:
HereYou can also specify the name of the folder for network users, as well as the restriction is not the number of simultaneous connections.To allow network users to change the files in the folder here it is necessary to press the button «OK» and put a mark against the item "Change."
Tip 2: How to be shared
file system NTFS (New Technology File System - «New Technology File System") used in Microsoft Windows, creates for each folder ACLs access - ACL (Access Control List).It is something like a list of invited guests, where the personal to each user of this folder (or group) are registered permits and bans to make those or other operations in this folder.
to open external access to the contents of the folder you need to make appropriate changes to the ACL for this folder.The operating system provides a simplified scenario and detailed management of these lists security.Depending on which of them are currently involved in your computer will vary and sequence.To find out, open the main menu on the "Start" button and start the Control Panel (in Windows XP, it is placed in the section "Settings").In the panel, click "Appearance and Themes" and it "Folder Options."Go to the tab "View" and in the "Advanced Options", scroll to "Use simple file sharing."You can add or remove this tag at its discretion.A simplified version requires less skill, and enables more advanced fine-tuning of user rights.
Now navigate to the folder that you want to share and click the right mouse button.In the popup context menu, select "Sharing and Security" and click the "Access".If the option of simplified access controls, this tab will look like this:
you set the mark against the item "Share this folder".In the "Share Name", you can specify the name of the folder to the outside world.You can also put a mark in the "Allow changes in files over a network" - without external users will only be able to view or copy the files folder.To lock your changes, click «OK».
If you disable "simple sharing", the tab "Access" windows folder properties should look different:
There is a field to specify the networkfolder name, and the ability to set the limitation on the number of simultaneous external connections.In order to allow external users to modify files in a folder, you need to click the "Permissions" and set the label for the item "Change."