Each distribution of Linux uses a package manager and, accordingly, their format.The distributions based on Debian package format called DEB, and the manager - dpkg.It is controlled from the command line.
Log in as the root user (root).To do this, run the command su, and after a line appears requiring a password, enter it.You can also use the login, and then enter a user name (in this case - root), and then - the password.
Download the package you want to install, and then place the downloaded file in any folder convenient to you within a folder root.
To install, enter the following command: dpkg -i imyafayla.debObratite note: enter the argument must be the name of the package is not, namely the file name.
If the package has not been established, but instead an error message stating that before that you want to install other packages, download them in the same folder and install.Only then install the desired package.
If some of the additional pack
ages , in turn, requires the prior installation of other packages , repeat the procedure a number of times.Usually the number of repetitions does not exceed ten.
Do not try every time to download additional packages .First, check for them on disk for distribution.If you drive in the distribution a few check everything.
After the package proved to be successfully installed, check his work, trying to run, for example, included in its composition application.
If you decide to remove one of the already installed packages , use the following command: dpkg -r packagenameObratite note: in this case, you must not enter a file name with the package, and the name of the package itself.Also, before you delete, make sure you still have a file distribution of this package so that it could, if necessary, set snova.Ne remove package if its existence is dependent on the work of any other available in the application.
for operations with packages in graphical mode, use the special tool - GNOME Debian Package Manager.
To automatically packs not only established, but also to download, use the command line utility apt-get, if you wish - in conjunction with the shell aptitude.