As part of Windows 7, there is a system application BitLocker, which is designed to encrypt the whole disk.Unfortunately, it is available only in the "older" version of the system - "Maximum" and "Corporate".But in other cases, the OS has the ability to encrypt individual files and folders.It is implemented using the encryption EFS superstructure above the main file system NTFS.
- OS Windows 7.
Enable the encryption single file or all objects in any directory is easiest via the standard file manager Windows - «Explorer".Open it by double-clicking on the icon "Computer" on the desktop or by selecting from the main menu OS item of the same name.
In the program window, navigate to the directory containing the file, encryption you want to include.Click the right mouse button and the pop-up menu, activate the "Properties".
"General" tab of the properties window of the file in its lower part contains the "Other" - click it.In the new window that will open, t
here is a section "Compress or Encrypt attributes" checkbox to "Encrypt contents to secure data."Check this box and click OK.
Click OK and in the properties file, and then you will see an explanation that encryption separate file without the operation of the folder as a whole underperforms.In the window you should put a mark in front of one of the two options - "Encrypt the file and its folder" or "Encrypt the file only."Make your selection and click OK.
If any of the encrypted files in this moment is locked against changes, the OS displays a message and prompt you to either cancel or skip this object.To avoid confusion, it is better to cancel the operation, close the application, file locking, and repeat the procedure.
The first time you encrypt the operating system prompts you to create a backup copy of the certificate and encryption key - this message pops up in the taskbar notification area (tray).Click on this message, and will be launched "Certificate Export Wizard."Follow his instructions and created as a result of better store the file from the computer - for example, on the flash drive.