The choice of the file system can only occur when you install Windows XP (or even earlier editions of the OS).Starting with version Vista, there is no alternative - all subsequent versions of Windows installed only into partitions (volumes) NTFS.The reason for this limitation is very simple.FAT32 (especially FAT16) do not provide reliable information storage and does not have the capacity to implement many of the new functions of the system.
Features of FAT 32
Name of the file system FAT - File Allocation Table reflects used her method of storing data in the form "File Allocation Table."If the damage of the table all the information listed in the computer will be lost.
FAT32 does not support disk volumes that are larger than 2 terabytes.The size of the saved file can not be more than 4 GB, which is too small for the modern user.
main characteristic of the file system - is the stability of its work.When using FAT32 very often there is an error associated with incorrectly recorded data on the availa
bility of space. File System - a storage structure of files and folders, which provides access to data stored on the hard disk.
This error occurs when failure in the process of copying, moving or deleting documents and due to the fact that Windows does not manage to capture new data.Correct the situation can only be a complete check of the hard disk using special programs.
Another serious disadvantage of FAT32 is faster hard disk fragmentation, which is not only slow down, but it can lead to the complete downfall of the file system.
Currently, FAT32 is most often used when formatting the flash drive.Select it when installing Windows should be if you need to create a multi-boot configuration with Windows XP Professional and the operating system that requires FAT.In most cases it is better to install the Windows partition NTFS.
file system NTFS
Unlike FAT32 data about the location and attributes are stored in a hidden file on user system file.Such a storage method is more reliable and provides protection in case of system failures.The amount of disk space in the NTFS file system is almost unlimited.
system NTFS allows you to control access to files and folders, you have to specify which users have the right to work with a particular document and what actions they can perform. Windows XP Professional allows you to convert a FAT partition to NTFS without losing data using the command Convert.
In addition, NTFS allows you to encrypt data on the disk using the encryption system Microsoft (EFS).The files remain encrypted when they are moved or renamed.The degree of protection is sufficient for the average user.NTFS allows you to set disk quotas and limit the disk space occupied by a certain document.
system NTFS has its own compression algorithm without reducing performance.Compression can be applied to both files and folders, and to the whole drive.Compressed NTFS files take up less space and can be read or written by any Windows application or MS-DOS without decompressing.
Another innovation in NTFS - mount points.With their help, you can define different folders, unrelated as one disk.This makes it possible to collect in one place fragmented information stored in the system.To realize all the possibilities for WindowsXP only allows the file system NTFS.