operating systems for personal computers are: single-tasking and multi-tasking, single-user or multi-user, network and non-network.By type of OS interface is divided into command and multi-GUI.

single-tasking operating system able to solve only one problem at a time.Typically, such systems can be run in native mode, only one program.Multitasking operating systems are able to run multiple programs that work in parallel.

Stand-alone multi-user system is different from the presence of data protection from unauthorized access to other users.

At the moment, the de facto standard OS interface is graphical multi-window interface that allows you to manage through the windows, pull-down menus, lists
, files, etc.

Currently the most widely used and known are the three types of operating systems for personal computers: Microsoft Windows, Linux and Apple Mac Os X.

Microsoft Windows

proprietary family of Microsoft Windows operating systems on static data used by 90% of the existingpersonal computers.This operating system was created based on graphics add-in for MS-DOS, which was called Windows.All operating systems of this family are used for process control and computer resources GUI.


Unix-like operating systems, which are based on the kernel Linux, popularity and frequency of use are second only to Microsoft Windows.Each of these systems has its own set of applications that are configured for specific tasks, and is distributed free of charge mainly as a ready distribution.

Linux-Systems is the leader in smartphones, netbooks, supercomputers, Internet servers, embedded systems and data centers.In the market of home computer operating system Linux is third.A striking example of the operating system for a variety of portable digital devices that is based on Linux, is a popular OS Android.The most popular and widely used Linux distributions are considered Mint, Ubuntu and Fedora.

Mac OS

Mac OS - another well-known line of operating systems from Apple.This system is installed on all new computers Macintosh.According to the user agreement, the installation of the Mac OS operating system is allowed only on the computers of Apple.There are versions of the system for personal computers from other manufacturers, but they are part of the functions is disabled and there is increased volatility of work.

In addition to these well-known and most frequently used systems, there is also quite a large number of highly specialized applications and operating systems.