Linux operating system with each passing year increases the number of its fans, it has a mass of indisputable advantages.But by trying to switch from Windows to Linux, you may have many difficulties in the development of this operating system.In particular, it is an unusual procedure for installing programs.
main advantages of Linux systems are high reliability, resistance to virus and Trojan no need to purchase a license - the vast majority of Linux distributions and software is available for free.When you install the operating system any program you can set at once by selecting them in the installation process from the list.Other useful applications you can add after installing Linux.
Installing software on Linux is fundamentally different from a similar process in Windows.The main difference is that the installed software is a separate module, it does not specify information about yourself in a variety of directories and the registry, as is the operating system from Microsof
t.If you have installed hundreds of programs, and then, for some reason, you decided to reinstall the OS, you will simply connect the directory with existing programs.Then they will again be at your disposal.It should be noted that Linux is not accepted to reinstall the operating system, in the event of failure of its repair.
Actually software installation on Linux may occur in two main ways - in the graphic mode, ie with a special program manager, and from the console.Most software for Linux put out outstanding online repositories, so you must be connected to the network.To install the software, run the program manager, a list of available packages.Mark the programs that you want to install, and run the installation.
After you start the installation program manager will check the so-called dependence - that is, determine whether you need along with the selected programs Load any modules required for selected applications.After that, you will be asked to confirm the installation, agrees.Installation takes only a few seconds or minutes, depending on the size of the program.Once the message appears stating that the selected packages are installed, you can use them.
When you install from the console (command line) used special teams, the format of which depends on the distribution.For example, if you are running Ubuntu (Kubuntu), one of the most popular flavors of Linux, to install the program you need to type the command apt-get install, and specify the name of the installed application.For example, you want to install the browser Opera, then the team will be the: apt-get install opera.The operating system will connect to the repository, check the dependencies.After confirming the installation of the browser will be installed on your computer.To remove it, you must enter the command apt-get remove opera.
In Linux, there are other ways - eg, from source.For a beginner, this is the most complicated method that requires specific knowledge to work with this operating system, so they first met at a Linux is better not to use it.In practice, it must learn to find a specific example of setting a program specifically for your distribution and repeat the above steps.
It should be noted that the user attempting to switch from Windows to Linux, first be very disappointed with this operating system is unusual.But if he did try to understand it and work for a while, it starts to get to work with this operating system a real pleasure.And after some time to force him to return to Windows will be virtually impossible.Thus nothing prevents having computer and Windows as a second system.
Tip 2: How to enter the Linux
Linux has long ceased to be an unknown system, available only for advanced users.Every year, this OS is gaining popularity due to the fact that it is becoming easier and easier.The same applies to the installation of the system.Each modern distribution is equipped with its own installer, which does not yield to the convenience of the installer Windows, and in some ways even surpasses it.
- - the image of any distribution Linux;
- - DVD-disc.
Download the image you liked distribution, after referring to the review of the system and learn all the technical data.Many users start to the world of the Linux install Ubuntu, although the family of Mandriva and Fedora also easy to use.
Record the downloaded image to a DVD-ROM with a special utility for recording.It copes well with its tasks the program UltraISO, though sometimes the manager can approach the standard recording CDs of Windows Vista and Seven.
3 Place a disc in the drive and restart the computer.Make sure that the BIOS is setting you up to boot from CD (Boot Menu - First boot device).Next, the installer will prompt you to select a language setting.Depending on the version of the distribution is started directly the installer, the system, or a graphical environment to familiarize with the work of Linux.If you load a graphical shell, then click on the desktop shortcut Install.
Follow the instructions.You can install the system on their own partitions prepared or choose to automatically partition.After selecting the last option, all data on your hard disk will be deleted.
Select the drive on which will be installed, make a layout (after selecting the appropriate item) and click "Install Now."
Select your location and select your keyboard layout.Next, select your preferred username and password.Wait for the installation, and then press the "reset" and remove the CD from the computer.The system can be regarded as established.
Before deleting all data on the hard drive do not forget to make a backup.