options for Linux operating systems, there are many, according to various estimates between 100 and 300 workers x distributions.Of the variety of operating systems for Linux, you can highlight some of the most famous and popular systems are used by both beginners and professionals. official logo and mascot of Linux is a penguin Tux.It was established in 1996 by the American programmer and designer Larry Ewing.

most common and universal

Ubuntu.The basis of this very commonly used distribution is one of the first linux-operatsionok Debian.According to statistics Ubuntu uses 20 million users worldwide.It has a beautifully designed original interface Unity, convenience items and excellent versatility, much easier to
work with portable devices.In addition, the distinctive feature of this distribution is the web infrastructure Wiki-style documentation and different record-keeping error.

Linux Mint.This operating system is based on the already Ubuntu, but has improved the technical aspects.This distribution is equipped with advanced practical menu MintMenu, program MintDesktop, allows you to configure the work environment for their needs and easy to use utility installation MintInstall.In addition, Linux Mint - is one of the few distributions, in the scope of which includes its own patented codecs.

Mandriva.This distribution for a long time was the most popular among ordinary users, but due to financial difficulties the company has ceded the title of the creator of the popular Ubuntu.Dekstopny Control Center Mandriva, which allows via a graphical interface to perform all administrative tasks, is an excellent example of a comprehensive and simple administration tools.This distribution is simple to install and learn, recognize the good equipment and well localized.

Fedora.The distribution of the well-known Linux community Red Hat, is one of the leading segment of the OS for servers and enterprise systems.This distribution combines the solid foundation of Red Hat is not limited to corporate needs with the most modern free applications and support for non-free formats.

ASPLinux.The distribution of the same name by the Russian company, based at the Fedora Core and adapted to regional characteristics.It allows you to use as a desktop like Gnome, or KDE, has a wide range of applications, and graphical tools to configure the system, a selection of drivers for common equipment in the CIS countries and available for downloading the daily updates.All this makes the distribution is universal and accessible to all categories of users. distribution - is not just a set of programs, and a number of solutions for the different problems people are united by a common system to install, manage and upgrade packages, customization and support.

Distributions for advanced users

Debian.One of the oldest Linux distributions, which gave life to many other systems.The main plus of Debian are its high stability, the presence of a huge number of free and open source applications, compatibility with 11 different hardware architectures, and the ability to update without having to reinstall.For installation and setup require some experience with Linux.

Slackware Linux.Another member of the very first flavors of Linux, the structure of which has for many years in addition to versions of the Covenants, nothing changes.Slackware does not have a graphical installer and system configuration tools, everything is done by editing configuration files.It is recommended that users who wish to deeply learn the basics and principles of the GNU / Linux.