Linux operating system attracts users of its reliability and the ability to use free software.But most laptops sold with the operating system Windows, so many users have to install Linux yourself.
If you want to keep standing on a laptop OS Windows, for Linux is necessary to allocate a separate disk partition volume of 20 gigabytes or more.If this section does not, create it using the appropriate software - for example, Acronis Disk Director.Suppose you have a C drive with 250 gigabytes.Divide it into disks C (200 gigabytes) and D (50 gigabytes).Then - Attention !!!- Remove the disc D, received the unallocated disk space.If the installation is on a blank disk, and you plan to work only with Linux, to carry out the above manipulation is not necessary.
start installing Linux.To download go not from the hard disk, and a DVD-drive, you must boot press F12 - menu appears select the device initial boot.Perhaps on your laptop menu is another key - carefully read the labels appearing
at the start of the system.
If you recall the failed boot device selection will have to make the BIOS.Typically, the input in the BIOS is done at startup by pressing the Del key or F2, can be used, and other keys.Entering the BIOS, find the tab BOOT (download), and then boot it from a CD.If this tab is not present, look for the line «First boot», «Second boot», next to them have to be a string select boot device.Line «First boot», select the boot from CD, then save your changes - tab «Save and exit setup».
If done right, will start Linux installation from a CD.On the stage of the installation you are asked to select a language, time zone, enter the administrator login and password.When prompted on where to install Linux, select the automatic installation in the unallocated space.All relevant sections of the file system will be created automatically.Subsequently, gain experience, you can specify partitions manually - this will configure Linux in the most convenient way for you.
At program selection offers a list of applications available for installation.You can set them at once or do it later.Please be aware that Linux can work in different graphical environment.They determine the appearance of the desktop, windows, etc.The most common two shells - KDE and Gnome.Each has its advantages and disadvantages, so install both.You can switch between them and choose the one that you like best.
The final stage of the installation, you will be offered to choose a login and password, and define the boot, usually Grub.At the start of the system will boot menu with two lines - Linux (to be loaded by default) and the Other - that is, another operating system.You can easily switch between Linux and Windows.If the installation is on a clean laptop, it will immediately be loaded Linux.
After the installation you will be offered to restart your computer.Reboot boot menu appears after a couple of seconds to start loading Linux.A login screen displays, it is necessary to enter a username and password (not the administrator!).At this stage you can select the GUI.After downloading it, you will see the desktop of your chosen distro Linux.
It is worth noting that work in Linux on accustomed to Windows user initially may produce a negative impression.All seem very unusual and complex, untuned system possible variety "glitches."For example, may not be visible sections of NTFS (file system Windows), there may be problems with sound, video card, modem.Very unusual procedure for installing programs.But the more you work with Linux, the more he will like you, and one day the time will come when you are on Windows will switch only when necessary and with very great reluctance.
If you already have Windows, before installing Linux as a second OS Be sure to save all your important files on an external drive!
- how to work with Linux