of Windows XP is the clear leader, that it is installed on the computers of most users.Typically, the computer sold with pre-installed operating system, but often the user becomes necessary to reinstall the operating system and its fine-tuning.
need to reinstall the operating system if there is a significant slowdown of its work, the growth of errors.In this case, start the computer, insert the installation disc in the DVD-ROM drive, start the installation of Windows XP.Then, after the appearance of the corresponding menu, select the update (not a new installation!).In this case, the operating system be installed over the old one, which will keep all the programs and settings.
In the event that you are putting the operating system on a new computer, you want to completely replace the operating system or install it as a second operating system on another drive, the installation process starts immediately after you turn on the computer.To start the installation from the CD,
when you start the computer press F 12, and select the menu to boot from the CD.
If you for some reason can not access the boot menu, enter the BIOS, usually to do this, after the computer press the Del key or F2.Entering the BIOS, get the boot menu and bar «first boot» set boot from CD.Save your changes (Save and exit setup), then restart the computer.Starts loading the CD-ROM.
During installation, the computer will reboot several times.Important: Immediately after the first reboot again to select the boot device as a hard disk, or restart the installation from the CD.During installation, you will be prompted to select the hard disk on which the system will be installed, and the file system - select NTFS.If the disc is new, it will be formatted.If you already formatted in NTFS, leave the file system intact by selecting the appropriate option in your proposed menu.If the disc is an old OS, and you put in its place a new, format the drive.
further installation should pass without delay, in the end can be done setting the screen resolution - you will need to accept the proposed expansion options (recommended) or to give and adjust the resolution later.Also, you will be offered to choose the username and password.In that case, if you are working on a home computer, the password can not enter.
After installation, you will see the standard screen saver in Windows XP.Now install the necessary drivers for your motherboard and graphics card - installation disks must be included with your computer.If the installation media is not present, the correct drivers will have to look on the Internet.To know what drivers are needed, test the computer any test system - for example, the program «Everest».It will give all the necessary information about the type of motherboard and graphics card.
next step - setting Windows XP.To the operating system was working as fast as possible, you should disable unused services.For this series, open: Start - Control Panel - Administrative Tools - Services.Disable can be: Automatic Updates (if you're not using it), Wireless Setup - If you do not work with wireless devices, Server Secondary Logon service, system recovery (from her little good, to restore the computer rarely possible) Service timeRemote Registry, Security Center (it only issues warnings, but he did not protect).
Disable Remote Assistance: Control Panel - System - a remote session.Remove the check mark from the line "Allow Remote Assistance invitations to be sent."If you use a third-party firewall, turn off the firewall Windows: Control Panel - Firewall.If the file name extensions do not appear, open any folder, then go to Tools - Folder Options - View and uncheck the box with the line "Hide extensions for known file types."
operating system is set up.Do not forget to regularly, at least once a month, clean it with appropriate tools from garbage and, if necessary defragment the system drive - it will speed up the system.To defragment go: Start - All Programs - Accessories - System Tools - Disk Defragmenter.Next, select the appropriate drive in the list, click the "Analysis".If defragmentation is needed, a message will appear.
Before installing the operating system is required to save on the external media critical files!